Dual Credit Programs: A Conceptual Analysis of the Literature

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In this article, we conducted a literature review to examine the history of dual credit starting with reasons for its inception, relevant policy changes, student enrollment status, and new initiatives in dual credit. In addition, we compared and contrasted dual credit with other high school programs in which opportunities for college credit are made available for students. Furthermore, we analyzed literature on dual credit standards for enrollment, standards, participation, and teacher qualifications. Finally, the efficacy of dual credit programs in increasing student preparedness, GPA, and college GPA was examined. Given the increase in dual credit programs across the United States, the information provided herein provides an understanding for its increased use.